Fulton Center

  • New transit hub and related improvements to link six subway stations and 10 subway lines in lower Manhattan.
  • New 350-foot underground concourse links existing Fulton Street station to lines serving World Trade Center.
  • One of the first transit centers in the country to receive LEED Silver certification.

New York City’s subways were built privately in the early 20th century and easy transfer between them was not a goal of the system. Later, when the city took over their operation, underground station connections were created, in some cases via confusing routes that created pedestrian bottlenecks and train delays.

One of the busiest transfer points is at Fulton Street in lower Manhattan, where nine lines currently converge. More than 300,000 passengers pass through the station on weekdays. To improve passenger and train flow, a new transit hub was proposed for the station that would also boost the economic vitality of lower Manhattan.

Arup was lead consultant for the $1.4bn Fulton Center project, providing overall planning and project management, engineering and risk advice to MTA New York City Transit. Fulton Center now provides easy access and transfers between 10 subway lines and six stations, including those serving the World Trade Center site.

The overall work involved a number of distinct sub-projects: construction of the main transit centre building, rehabilitation of four existing stations, construction of an underground pedestrian concourse and connections to two other stations. Street-level access to the subway was also improved through new entrances in the historic 19th Century Corbin building, which was restored.

Fulton Center was one of the first transit centers in the United States to seek certification under the LEED system and was designed in accordance with the New York State Governor’s Executive Order 111. It is the first MTA subway station facility to be awarded a LEED certification.


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  • Fulton Center. Credit James Ewing.Open gallery

    Arup was lead consultant for the Fulton Center project.

  • Fulton Center. Credit James Ewing.Open gallery

    Our structural engineers used parametric modeling tools for the building's centrepiece oculus.