Singapore Flyer

  • Asia’s largest Giant Observation Wheel to date.
  • 165m tall with a 150m diameter wheel.
  • Unique two-dimensional ladder truss structure gives the Flyer its lightweight, almost transparent appearance. 

Standing at 165m – the height of a 42-storey building – the Singapore Flyer is Asia's largest giant observation wheel. Its 28 fully air-conditioned capsules can accommodate up to 28 passengers each. On a clear day, the Flyer offers passengers a 45km panoramic view stretching from Singapore's Marina Bay waterfront across to Malaysia and Indonesia. A complete 'flight' lasts around 30 minutes.

The Arup design team used the experience gained from working on the London Eye to optimise the design of the Singapore Flyer. The team developed a unique spoke cable and rim structure arrangement that simultaneously provides restraint to the radial translational buckling in the plane of the wheel and the torsional buckling along the axis of the rim. The result is a two-dimensional ladder truss structure that creates a lightweight and elegant icon for the Singapore skyline.

An innovative vertical erection method was used to overcome the support structure limitations and space constraints on site. The wheel was erected in a 'pie slice' fashion, with each segment being rotated until all segments were installed.

Singapore's "Sumatra Squall" wind conditions posed a further challenge to the design team. Extensive wind research and dynamic modelling were carried out to ensure the comfort and safety of passengers in windy weather.

The Singapore Flyer was officially opened on 15 April 2008.


  • Singapore Flyer at night. Credit Singapore Flyer Pte Ltd.Open gallery

    Illuminated - the Singapore Flyer observation wheel at dusk.

  • Singapore Flyer at night. Credit Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

    Artist's impression of one of the capsules.